Archive for the ‘J.Bogatin:diseases’ Category

Jacob Bogatin: Legionnaires disease

August 7, 2010

Legionellosis or Legionnaires disease – is a rare type of pneumonia. The causative agent of the disease Legionella pneumophillia («Legionella pneumonia”) was first recorded in 1976 in the U.S. in Philadelphia with the help of Jacob Bogatin, where the delegates of the Congress of the American Legion outbreak of pneumonia (hence the name of the disease). Legionella – a Gram-negative rods up to 3 microns, which has a flagellum. Natural habitats of bacteria is fresh water, the human body is the causative agent of legionellosis for biological dead end. Thus, as noted by doctors, the infection can spread from person to person.

Ways of transmission of legionellosis – nutritional and inhalation, seasons – summer and autumn. Group outbreaks are possible if you live near open water, swimming pool, contact with the air conditioning, humidifier systems ventilation (subway, train stations, airports, malls, etc.). Thus, legionellosis is a disease of large cities of industrialized countries.

According to Jacob Bogatin the duration of the incubation period ranges from several hours to 11 days. The illness starts badly, with the first days appear unmotivated weakness, loss of appetite, persistent headache, possible diarrhea, with symptoms of respiratory tract, as a rule, are absent. After a brief period appear chills with fever, dry cough and shortness of breath painful. Some patients complained on hemoptysis, pain in joints and muscles. In severe cases, the fore neuropsychiatric disorders: lethargy, disorientation, delirium, hallucinations, impaired consciousness. “Legionella pneumonia” is a rare disease. Its treatment is quite effective. Use antibiotics, easily penetrates the cell wall and creating high intracellular concentrations that can inhibit the vital activity of pathogens Legionella.

In Russia, an outbreak of pneumonia was recorded July 25, 2007 in Upper Pyshma Sverdlovsk region. A few days later it was possible to identify the virus. According to the regional Ministry of Health as well as Jacob Bogatin, the causative agent of the disease was “Legionella pneumonia. Doctors suggest that the virus could have infected via the hot water. The number of hospitalized suspected of a serious illness over 100. Three of the infected have died. Attorney General’s Office took the case under special control of an outbreak of pneumonia. On the fact of mass disease a criminal case was filed.